Tang Soo Do Moo Duk Kwan- "A brotherhood and school of stopping inner and outer conflict, and developing virtue, according to the way of the worthy hand."  Founded in 1945, by Hwang Kee.  This was the second of the nine "Kwans" established after Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945.

Tae Kwon Do- "The art of kicking and punching."  Founded by a collaboration of senior instructors and endorsed by the Korean government in 1955 to institutionalize the "Kwans" as a national sport.

 

Hapkido- "The Art of Coordinated Power." Founder: Yong Sul Choi. 

 

KOREAN MARTIAL ARTS TERMINOLOGY 

 

Counting:  1- Hanna, 2- Dool, 3- Set, 4- Net,  5- Dah-suht, 6- Yuh-suht,

                    7- Ill-gope, 8- Yuh-duhl, 9- Ah-hope, 10- Yuhl

 

           1st- Ill & Cho, 2nd- Ee, 3rd- Sahm, 4th- Sah, 5th- Oh, 6th- Yook, 7th- Chil,

           8th- Pahl,    9th- Koo, 10th- Ship

 

Miscellaneous Terms:

 

  Kicking, kick.....Cha-gi                                    High........Sungdan           Outside/inside...Phakeso Ahnuro

  Punching..........Che-o-gi                                  Middle......Chungdan       Inside/outside...Ahneso Phahkuro

  Blocking..........Mak-gi                                      Low.........Hungdan

          

  Horse Stance......Kima-jaseh                           Front.......Ap                     Yi-dan....jumping

  Front Stance......Chan-gul-jaseh                    Side........Yop                      Dull Ryo...spinning

  Back Stance.......Fugal jaseh                           Round.......Tolyo

  Ready Stance......Choon Bee  jaseh                Reverse.....Pondae

                                                                              Back..........Dwi

  Stop................Gu-man                                      Knife Hand.......Sudo      Ridge hand.....Yuk soo do              

  Return (To Beginning)..Baro                          Forearm......Pal mark     Palm heel..Jang kwan

 

  Relax or Rest.........Shaio                                  Spearfinger....Quansu

  Continue............Kae-Sok                                  Double.........Sang

  Turn About......Dwee-rho-do-rah                     Elbow ...... Pal-kum-chi

  Switch.................Kyo-day                                  Fore fist.....Jung kwon

  Separate or Break......Kalyeo                            Back fist....Kap kwan

                                                                                

  Attention..............Cha-ryut                                Self-defense....Ho Sin Sul

  Formal Sitting.........Ahn-jo                               Training Hall...Do-jang

  Formal Meditation......Mak-hum                      Uniform.........Do-bok   

  Stand Up...Ye Ru Set or Il-uh-nah                   Belt............Dee

  Bow....................Kyung-yeh                                Black Belt Rank..Dan (1-9)

  Salute the Flags...Kook-ki-Bay-Ray               Student Rank.....Gup (10-1)

  Bow to Head Instructor...Sah-Buhm-              Mats.............Tatami

                  Nim-Ge-Kyung-yeh                            Breakfall........Nauk-bup

  Head Instructor........Sah-Buhm-Nim               Form.......Hyung or Poomse

  Instructor.............Kyo-Sa-Min                          Hello/Goodbye....Anyong

  Student................Je-jah                                      Yell.............Ki-hap

  Thank You Very Much..Kom-sahap-nida       Korean Flag......Tae Guk Gi  

  You Are Welcome........Chon-manayo             Dan Jon Ho Hup... Lower abdominal breathing

 

 

Five Tenets of Korean Martial Arts

 
 Courtesy
(Ye Ul)

 

Courtesy: To be thoughtful and considerate of others. Martial arts students and instructors should be polite, and show consideration for others.

 

Integrity
(Yom Chi)


Integrity: To be honest and good. Martial arts practitioners should live by a code of moral values and principles

 

Perseverance
(In Nae)


Perseverance: To never give up in the pursuit of one's goals. Students should welcome challenges, because challenges cause us to grow and improve.

 

Self-Control
(Guk Gi)


Self-Control: To have control of your body and mind. A martial arts student should practice controlling his actions and reactions.

 

Indomitable Spirit
(Baekjul Boolgool)

Indomitable Spirit: To have courage in the face of adversity. A martial arts student should never be dominated by, or have his spirit broken by another.